kailasa temple

The Kailasa (Sanskrit: Kailāsanātha) temple is one of the largest rock-cut ancient Hindu temples located in Ellora, Maharashtra,India. It was built in the 8th century by the Rashtrakuta king Krishna I as attested in Kannada inscriptions. This is one of the 34 temples and monasteries known collectively as the Ellora Caves. These extend over more than 2 km, were dug side by side in the wall of a high basalt cliff in the complex located at Ellora. The Kailasa (cave 16) is a remarkable example of Dravidian architecture on account of its striking proportion, elaborate workmanship, architectural content, and sculptural ornamentation of rock-cut architecture.  The temple was commissioned and completed between 757-783 CE, when Krishna I ruled the Rashtrakuta dynasty.  It is designed to recall Mount Kailash, the home of Lord Shiva.

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Method of Construction

The Kailasa Temple is notable for its vertical excavation—carvers started at the top of the original rock, and excavated downward. The traditional methods were rigidly followed by the master architect which could not have been achieved by excavating from the front.  It is estimated that about 400,000 tons of rocks were scooped out to construct this monolithic structure.  From the chisel marks on walls of this temple, archaeologists could conclude that three types of chisels were used to carve this temple.

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All the carvings are at more than one level. A two-storeyed gateway opens to reveal a U-shaped courtyard. The courtyard is edged by a columned arcade three stories high. The arcades are punctuated by huge sculpted panels, and alcoves containing enormous sculptures of a variety of deities. Originally flying bridges of stone connected these galleries to central temple structures, but these have fallen.

Within the courtyard are two structures. As is traditional in Shiva temples, an image of the sacred bull Nandi fronts the central temple housing the lingam. In Cave 16, the Nandi Mandapa and main Shiva temple are each about 7 metres high, and built on two storeys. The lower stories of the Nandi Mandapa are both solid structures, decorated with elaborate illustrative carvings. The base of the temple has been carved to suggest that elephants are holding the structure aloft.


A rock bridge connects the Nandi Mandapa to the porch of the temple. The structure itself is a tall pyramidic South Indian temple. The shrine – complete with pillars, windows, inner and outer rooms, gathering halls, and an enormous stone lingam at its heart – is carved with niches, plasters, windows as well as images of deities, mithunas (erotic male and female figures) and other figures. Most of the deities at the left of the entrance are Shaivaite (followers of Lord Shiva) while on the right hand side the deities are Vaishnavaites (followers of Lord Vishnu).

There are two Dhwajasthambha (pillars with flagstaff) in the courtyard. The grand sculpture of Ravana attempting to lift Mount Kailasa, with his full might is a landmark in Indian art.


What makes the Kailasa temple at Ellora so special?

The Kailasa temple in Ellora caves (the whole area) is carved out of a single rock! That’s right. All of it, was a singular stone at a point, which was hollowed out into what we know as the Kailasa Temple.


Ancient Alien Theory

The entire temple was carved out of a mountain from the front and from digging out from the top down.

To remove 400,000 tons of rock over an 18 year period in, a time when they only had primitive cutting tools is staggering to say the least, no matter how much manpower they had working on it.

If we calculate this like so: 400,000 tons over 18 years, works out at 22,222 tons of rock per year.

This would mean 22,222 tons of rock over 365 days, works out at 60 tons of rock per day.

So, hourly they would have had to remove 60 tons over 12 hours, which works out at 5 tons every hour.

This would be impossible with the workforce, machinery and tools we have today.   So, can we assume they had some some kind of help by extraterrestrials.


According to HP Blavatsky, some of these complexes date to a much more remote period and were ancient mystery schools built on labirynths of still other – much older caves – which have not been discovered yet.

According to M. K. Dhavalikar, retired Professor of Archaeology and Director of the Deccan College Post-Graduate Research Institute, Pune, India, and author of the book “Ellora”, “all these shrines and the Kailasa were not excavated at the same time, but belong to different periods.” (“Ellora”, M. K. Dhavalikar, 2003, p. 44).

“There is a perforated window in the west wall [of cave 15, a Hindu cave] over which is engraved a Sanskrit inscription in the Brahmi script of the eighth century. It is, however, incomplete and much of it has been damaged due to weathering. It gives the genealogy of the Rashtrakuta dynasty, from the founder Dantivarman (c. 600-30) and records the visit of Dantidurga (752-7) to the cave. It can, therefore, be placed in the middle of the eighth century. “Ellora”, pp. 36-7.


Standing at Kailasha Temple, one wonders how such monumental and exquisite caves, sculptures, meditation halls and residential quarters were carved out to perfection with no modern tools. Many questions lingered or actually troubles us as one struggles to find answers. Was this mountainous task humanly possible when even in today’s time with all the modern tools and technology it would be impossible to carve out such a monument. Even if they were able to chisel out the rock, it would mean close to 400,000 tons of rock that was chiseled out, so where did the waste go? Why are we not able to find any traces of the waste near the site like in other man made monuments. The sculptures were carved from what was seen around rather than imagination so are the carvings of humanoids carved around the caves not just a coincidence but pictorial facts?

A closer look and we can spot numerous passages that are blocked or are way too narrow that it is impossible for any adult human to pass through. That leaves us questioning that if humans were not able to go through the passages, how did they manage to create them. If these were not humanly possible, did they have help from aliens to construct this monolithic monument with flawless precision. And did those passages lead to an underground city like Derinkuyu discovered only in 1960. An Aerial view of the Kailasha temple shows the four lions carved at the topmost floor symbolize an X mark, which leaves us wondering if it was some source of identification or communication with extra terrestrial beings.

The layout of the pathway is such that it leads you straight to Cave 16 after you pick up your entry tickets. One would spend most of their time here as every nook and corner of this monument has splendid carvings each portraying a wonderful story. As we stepped out of Cave 16 to our right were caves 17 to 34 & to our left were caves 15 to 1. One of the caves (Cave 10) has strong resemblance to the Ajanta Caves with a Buddha statue carved on a Stupa with rib like carvings on the ceiling. Cave 5 has a huge hall, with carved benches for seating during ritual recitations and Cave 11 was the residential quarters for the monks.

Cave 15 has carvings of ten incarnations (Dashavatar) of Lord Vishnu, one of the panel depicts the death of Harinyakashyap by Lord Vishnu in Narsimha (man-lion) form. Cenuries ago, even before Darwin was born the Hindu Scriptures have put forward the concept of “The Theory Of Evolution” in the form of Dashavatar.

Cave 14 and 17 focus on the carvings of feminine divinities emphasizing their importance during ancient times. Cave 32 has an exquisitely carved lotus flower on the ceiling.

Some of the sculptures on the caves portray the passion for love, there are carvings of  people engaged in the best form of trance- the act of lovemaking. The concept of erotic art was never looked down upon or considered a taboo as it is considered today. Every emotion was given importance and so was love, they were not ashamed of it as they considered it art.

If Kailash temple represents the middle of the world, then what exactly is about it? The solar power program, the galaxy, the cosmos?

What happens if we theorize the Ellora cave team is many thousands of years over the age of anticipated? It might be fascinating to check out the complicated out of this perspective, to find out what its key tale is.